HTML Overview

What is HTML?

Do you know how a website is generated and shown to you when you go to read anything or buy something? HTML is the only markup language used to create web pages. It provides many sorts of tags like <li>, <h1>, <div>, etc. to show data in various structures. In this tutorial, we will learn about HTML and its tags in detail.

Here are some points about HTML:

  • HTML is the primary language used in web design. CSS is used alongside HTML to further enhance web page design. JavaScript is combined with HTML to create dynamic web pages.
  • HTML has a vast set of markup tags that are used to design web pages.
  • Web Browsers (like Chrome, Firefox, Safari and others) are used to interpret HTML and render web pages.
  • HTML code can be written in any text editor and saved as "filename.html" or "filename.htm."

History of HTML

Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML in 1991. HTML 1.0 was the original version, while HTML 2.0, issued in 1995, was the first standard version.

HTML is a rapidly growing markup language that has undergone several version updates. Long before its new standards and specifications were implemented, each version enabled its users to produce web pages in a significantly easier and nicer manner, as well as making sites extremely efficient.

  • HTML 1.0 was launched in 1993 with the goal of distributing information that could be read and accessed using web browsers. However, not all of the developers were involved in the creation of websites. As a result, the language was not expanding.
  • HTML 2.0, released in 1995, which incorporates all of the functionality of HTML 1.0 plus a few extras, and which remained the standard markup language for designing and producing websites until January 1997, refining numerous key HTML characteristics.
  • HTML 3.0, in which Dave Raggett introduces a new paper or draught on HTML. It contained enhanced new HTML features, providing webmasters with more powerful capabilities for developing web sites. However, the strong new HTML capabilities hindered the browser's ability to make future advancements.
  • HTML 4.01 was a popular and successful HTML version prior to HTML 5.0.
  • HTML 5 was launched in 2014 as a consequence of the W3C HTML Working Group's concentrated work.

HTML Timeline

YearHTML Updates
1989Tim Berners-Lee invented www
1991Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1993Dave Raggett drafted HTML+ or HTML 1.0
1995HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1997W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2
1999W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
2000W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
2008WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
2012WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard
2014W3C Recommendation: HTML5
2017W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2


HTML Example


<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Page Title</title>
<h1>Picallens - A Learning Platform</h1>

Example Explanation

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the HTML page
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser's title bar or in the page's tab)
  • The <body> element defines the web pages body, and is a container for all the visible structures on web page.
  • The <div> element defines division or a section in an HTML document.
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading

This is little about HTML and its history. In Next chapter we will learn some basics of HTML like page structure and some terminologies like Elements, Tags, etc. In Next Section we will see some of the editors used for HTML. Thanks You for Support!